Basics on the weather radio: Weather radio is the only medium that will work in the moments when power is out, and keep you noted with weather alert and news.
Stay noticed with NOAA weather radio. Weather radios usually have backup power sources and this is a reliable medium to receive alerts.
News are redirected to the radios as soon as they are sent from NOAA National Oceanic; and Atmospheric Administration 24 hours a day a whole week.
Modern weather radios have technology that automatically turns on when a new alert comes.
Radio covers the standard AM and FM broadcast bands and weather radios in countries that have them available and running.
AM and FM radio function and operate in the same ways and by the same principles, the biggest difference between the two is the way in which the carrier waves are modulated so it is technical stuff.
It means Amplitude Modulation, Its signals vary their amplitude to adapt sound information that is broadcasted through the wavelengths.
Changes in amplitude occur on the FM radio as well, but they are more noticeable in the am radio because they result in the audible static. When you switch channel on the am radio you will hear a change in the amplitude.
That is because distant broadcasts have weaker signals that will come across very faint, and sound is largely dominated by static.
FM radio means frequency modulation, and apart of the am radio in the FM sound is transmits trough the changes in frequency.
Both FM and am radio signals experience frequent changes in amplitude; which are less noticeable on devices that use FM signal.
When FM is broadcasting changes in amplitude that are low; they are not noticeable because the audio signal is presented to the listeners through changes in frequency, not the amplitude.
When you switch channels FM antenna is alternating between different frequencies, not the amplitudes, and that will produce much cleaner sound and smoother transition with very small or not any audible static.
Better sound quality is on FM radio. It makes it more desirable for those who want to transmit clear and clean sounding audio. It has low bandwidth and accommodates more stations. FM radio is generally more prefers to use by the ones that start their own low power broadcast.
The problem is with the AM and FM signal is that; the program signal becomes part of the wave that carries it. If something happens to the wave en route part of the signal is likely to get lost.
If the signal gets lost you can not find it. Analog radios can sound crackly; digital radio can help to solve that problem by sending radio broadcast in a coded, numeric format.
So, that interference doesn’t disrupt the signal.
AM broadcasting uses medium wave transmission on both radio bands, longwave and shortwave.
AM broadcasters tend to specialize in spoken word forms like talk radio; news and sport while FM, that is frequency modulation mainly broadcasts music.
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Weather radios come in both modulations, FM and AM. A weather radio is made to work in every weather condition; without electricity, without the internet even in the worst weather conditions, strong winds, tornados, and tsunamis.
FM broadcasting offers the better sound quality, and it is widely used for music broadcasting. AM wideband can offer equally good sound quality; that provides reception conditions are ideal.
FM radio uses VHF frequencies. FM band describes the frequency band in a given country that is dedicated to FM broadcasting.
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AM amplitude modulation is the oldest method of transmitting voice. They combine sound waves with the sound carriers. Wave transmits voice at its own increases and decreases of the amplitude.
Amplitude modulation is used by station broadcasting in the AM band. Frequency modulation is a way to convey information, voice, and music on a radio wave is to slightly change, modulate.
FM broadcasting is free and it is used for action band; and ham transmission in the VHF and UHF frequency range.
FM station generally reaches an audience in a radius of 25 to 105 kilometers. Because the frequency of the carrier is modulated background noise is reduced; the frequency of the carries varies according to the strength of the audio signal or program.
AM has the strength of the carrier waves that vary around central broadcast value. It is relatively easy to detect with simple equipment, even if the signal is not very strong.
Also, it has a narrower bandwidth than FM, and wider coverage compared with FM radio. The negative side of AM is that the signal is affected by electrical storms and other radio frequency interference.
FM has a much better sound than AM because AM has a different frequency and wavelength than FM. AM stations broadcast on frequencies of between 535 and 1605 kilohertz. The FM band extends from 88 to 108 megahertz.
Countries like United States, Canada, Mexico; and Bermuda operate their government weather radio stations on the same marine VHF radio band.
By using FM transmitters for easier operating with them. Weather radio stations offer news 24 hours a day every day in the set schedule.
SAME – Specific Area Message Encoding allows users to program their radios to receive alerts.
Which is only for specific geographical areas of interest and concern, rather than for an entire broadcast area.
These advanced models may also have colored LED status lights; which indicate the level of the alert.